Total Calcium: is the most abundant and one of the most important minerals in the body. It is essential for cell signalling and proper functioning of muscles, nerves and the heart. Calcium is needed for blood clotting and is crucial for formation, density and maintenance of bones and teeth. This test measures the amount of calcium in blood or urine, which reflects the amount of total and ionized calcium in the body.
The Total Calcium test is typically used to screen for a range of conditions, including bone disease, kidney disease, and thyroid disorders. The Ionized Calcium test is used to diagnose and monitor certain medical conditions, such as hypoparathyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, and kidney disease.
Ionized Calcium: test is used to measure the level of ionized calcium in the blood, which is the biologically active form of calcium that is not bound to proteins1. This test is used to diagnose and monitor medical conditions such as hypoparathyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, and kidney disease