On 19 March 2020, Modi asked all citizens to observe "Janata Curfew" (people's curfew)
from 7 am to 9 pm on Sunday, 22 March.
On 22 March 2020, India observed a 14-hour voluntary public curfew at the instance of the Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
He implored all Indians to stay at home for the next few weeks, and if possible, to also work from home. He also asked citizens to step out
onto their house rooftops or balconies at 5 pm on 22 March, and clap their hands to appreciate the hard work of emergency services like doctors,
police, health workers, emergency medical services, emergency health services, government officials, home delivery services, etc..
The government followed it up with lockdowns in 75 districts where COVID-19 cases had occurred as well as all major cities. The lockdown was placed when the number
of confirmed positive coronavirus cases in India was approximately 500.
Further, on 24 March, the prime minister ordered a nationwide lockdown for 21 days, affecting the entire 1.3 billion population of India.
- On 14 April, the prime minister extended the ongoing nationwide lockdown till 3 May.
- On 1 May, lockdown across the country was further extended by two more weeks till 17 May.
- On 17 May, NDMA extended the lockdown till 31 May in all Indian States.
The Government divided the entire nation into three zones – Green Zone, Red Zone, Orange Zone.
- Red zone (Hotspots) – districts with high doubling rate and high number of active cases
- Orange zone (Non-hotspots) – districts with fewer cases
- Green zone – districts without confirmed cases or without new cases in last 21 days